Divided by Division

Is there a “best used by” date for software?

Dear KV,

Do you know of any rule of thumb for how often a piece of software should need maintenance? I’m not thinking about bug fixes, since bugs are there from the moment the code is written, but about the constant refactoring that seems to go on in code. Sometimes I feel as if programmers use refactoring as a way of keeping their jobs, rather than offering any real improvement. Is there a “best used by” date for software?

Fresh Code


Dear KV,

I’ve been upgrading some Python 2 code to Python 3 and ran across the following change in the language. It used to be that division (/) of two integers resulted in an integer, but to get that functionality in Python 3, I need to use //. There is still a /, but that’s different. Why would anyone in their right mind have two similar operations that are that closely coded? Don’t they know this will lead to errors?

Divided by Division


Divided by Division


Code Abuse

One programmer’s extension is another programmer’s abuse.

Dear KV,

During some recent downtime at work, I’ve been cleaning up a set of libraries, removing dead code, updating documentation blocks, and fixing minor bugs that have been annoying but not critical. This bit of code spelunking has revealed how some of the libraries have been not only used, but also abused. The fact that everyone and their sister use the timing library for just about any event they can think of isn’t so bad, as it is a library that’s meant to call out to code periodically (although some of the events seem as if they don’t need to be events at all). It was when I realized that some programmers were using our socket classes to store strings—just because the classes happen to have a bit of variable storage attached, and some of them are globally visible throughout the system—that I nearly lost my lunch. We do have string classes that could easily be used, but instead these programmers just abused whatever was at hand. Why?

Abused API


Code Abuse



Can More Code Mean Fewer Bugs?

The bytes you save today may bite you tomorrow.


Dear KV,

One of the coders I work with keeps removing my calls to system()from my code, insisting that it’s better to write code that does the work that I’m doing via the shell. He keeps saying that it’s far safer to code using the language we’re using than to call out to the shell to get this work done. I would believe that if he didn’t add 10 to 20 lines of code just to do what I do in one line with system(). How can increasing the number of lines of code decrease the number of bugs?

Happy with the One Liner


Multitier Programming in Hop

A first step toward programming 21st-century applications


The Web is becoming the richest platform on which to create computer applications. Its power comes from three elements: (1) modern Web browsers enable highly sophisticated GUIs with 3D, multimedia, fancy typesetting, etc.; (2) calling existing services through Web APIs makes it possible to develop sophisticated applications from independently available components; and (3) open data availability allows applications to access a wide set of information that was unreachable or that simply did not exist before. The combination of these three elements has already given birth to revolutionary applications such as Google Maps, radio podcasts, and social networks.



There’s Still Some Life Left in Ada

Extensible Programming for the 21st Century

Purpose-Built Languages 


A Nice Piece of Code

Colorful metaphors and properly reusing functions


In the last installment of Kode Vicious (A System is not a Product,ACM Queue 10 (4), April 2012), I mentioned that I had recently read two pieces of code that had actually lowered, rather than raised, my blood pressure. As promised, this edition’s KV covers that second piece of code.


My Compiler Does Not Understand Me

Until our programming languages catch up, code will be full of horrors


Only lately—and after a long wait—have a lot of smart people found audiences for making sound points about what and how we code. Various colleagues have been beating drums and heads together for ages trying to make certain that wise insights about programming stick to neurons. Articles on coding style in this and other publications have provided further examples of such advocacy.


Related: Reveling in Constraints - Sir, Please Step Away from the ASR-33! - Coding Smart: People vs. Tools