Routing security incidents can still slip past deployed security defenses.
SHARON GOLDBERG, BOSTON UNIVERSITY
BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) is the glue that sticks the Internet together, enabling data communications between large networks operated by different organizations. BGP makes Internet communications global by setting up routes for traffic between organizations—for example, from Boston University’s network, through larger ISPs (Internet service providers) such as Level3, Pakistan Telecom, and China Telecom, then on to residential networks such as Comcast or enterprise networks such as Bank of America.
> Why Is It Taking So Long to Secure Internet Routing?
What DNS Is Not
The Network is Reliable
DNS Complexity by Paul Vixie
Public, verifiable, append-only logs
BEN LAURIE, GOOGLE
On August 28, 2011, a mis-issued wildcard HTTPS certificate for google.com was used to conduct a man-in-the-middle attack against multiple users in Iran. The certificate had been issued by a Dutch CA (certificate authority) known as DigiNotar, a subsidiary of VASCO Data Security International. Later analysis showed that DigiNotar had been aware of the breach in its systems for more than a month—since at least July 19. It also showed that at least 531 fraudulent certificates had been issued. The final count may never be known, since DigiNotar did not have records of all the mis-issued certificates. On September 20, 2011, DigiNotar was declared bankrupt.
> Certificate Transparency
The Case Against Data Lock-in
A Decade of OS Access-control Extensibility
Preventing script injection vulnerabilities through software design
CHRISTOPH KERN, GOOGLE
Script injection vulnerabilities are a bane of Web application development: deceptively simple in cause and remedy, they are nevertheless surprisingly difficult to prevent in large-scale Web development.
> Securing the Tangled Web
Fault Injection in Production
High Performance Web Sites
Quality social science research and the privacy of human subjects requires trust.
JON P. DARIES, JUSTIN REICH, JIM WALDO, ELISE M. YOUNG, JONATHAN WHITTINGHILL, DANIEL THOMAS SEATON, ANDREW DEAN HO, ISAAC CHUANG
Open data has tremendous potential for science, but, in human subjects research, there is a tension between privacy and releasing high-quality open data. Federal law governing student privacy and the release of student records suggests that anonymizing student data protects student privacy. Guided by this standard, we de-identified and released a data set from 16 MOOCs (massive open online courses) from MITx and HarvardX on the edX platform. In this article, we show that these and other de-identification procedures necessitate changes to data sets that threaten replication and extension of baseline analyses. To balance student privacy and the benefits of open data, we suggest focusing on protecting privacywithout anonymizing data by instead expanding policies that compel researchers to uphold the privacy of the subjects in open data sets. If we want to have high-quality social science research and also protect the privacy of human subjects, we must eventually have trust in researchers. Otherwise, we’ll always have the strict tradeoff between anonymity and science illustrated here.
> Privacy, Anonymity, and Big Data in the Social Sciences
Four Billion Little Brothers?: Privacy, mobile phones, and ubiquitous data collection
Communications Surveillance: Privacy and Security at Risk
Modeling People and Places with Internet Photo Collections
An informal survey of real-world communications failures
PETER BAILIS, UC BERKELEY
KYLE KINGSBURY, JEPSEN NETWORKS
“The network is reliable” tops Peter Deutsch’s classic list, “Eight fallacies of distributed computing” (https://blogs.oracle.com/jag/resource/Fallacies.html), “all [of which] prove to be false in the long run and all [of which] cause big trouble and painful learning experiences.” Accounting for and understanding the implications of network behavior is key to designing robust distributed programs—in fact, six of Deutsch’s “fallacies” directly pertain to limitations on networked communications. This should be unsurprising: the ability (and often requirement) to communicate over a shared channel is a defining characteristic of distributed programs, and many of the key results in the field pertain to the possibility and impossibility of performing distributed computations under particular sets of network conditions.
> The Network is Reliable
Eventual Consistency Today: Limitations, Extensions, and Beyond
The Antifragile Organization
Addressing the Needs of Professional Software Development
MICHAEL J. LUTZ, J. FERNANDO NAVEDA, AND JAMES R. VALLINO
DEPARTMENT OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, ROCHESTER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
In the fall semester of 1996 RIT (Rochester Institute of Technology) launched the first undergraduate software engineering program in the United States.9,10 The culmination of five years of planning, development, and review, the program was designed from the outset to prepare graduates for professional positions in commercial and industrial software development.
> Undergraduate Software Engineering
Fun and Games: Multi-Language Development
Pride and Prejudice: (The Vasa)
A Conversation with John Hennessy and David Patterson
Many disparate use cases can be satisfied with a single storage system.
MARK CAVAGE AND DAVID PACHECO, JOYENT
While the term big data is vague enough to have lost much of its meaning, today’s storage systems are growing more quickly and managing more data than ever before. Consumer devices generate large numbers of photos, videos, and other large digital assets. Machines are rapidly catching up to humans in data generation through extensive recording of system logs and metrics, as well as applications such as video capture and genome sequencing. Large data sets are now commonplace, and people increasingly want to run sophisticated analyses on the data. In this article, big data refers to a corpus of data large enough to benefit significantly from parallel computation across a fleet of systems, where the efficient orchestration of the computation is itself a considerable challenge.
> Bringing Arbitrary Compute to Authoritative Data
Cloud Computing: An Overview
A co-Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks
Condos and Clouds
You must have some trust if you want to get anything done.
In his novel The Diamond Age,7 author Neal Stephenson describes a constructed society (called a phyle) based on extreme trust in one’s fellow members. Part of the membership requirements is that, from time to time, each member is called upon to undertake certain tasks to reinforce that trust. For example, a phyle member might be told to go to a particular location at the top of a cliff at a specific time, where he will find bungee cords with ankle harnesses attached. The other ends of the cords trail off into the bushes. At the appointed time he is to fasten the harnesses to his ankles and jump off the cliff. He has to trust that the unseen fellow phyle member who was assigned the job of securing the other end of the bungee to a stout tree actually did his job; otherwise, he will plummet to his death. A third member secretly watches to make sure the first two don’t communicate in any way, relying only on trust to keep tragedy at bay.
> Who Must You Trust?
The Answer is 42 of Course
Weapons of Mass Assignment
LinkedIn Password Leak: Salt Their Hide
A discussion with Michael Donat, Jafar Husain, and Terry Coatta
To millions of game geeks, the position of QA (quality assurance) tester at Electronic Arts must seem like a dream job. But from the company’s perspective, the overhead associated with QA can look downright frightening, particularly in an era of massively multiplayer games.
> Automated QA Testing at EA: Driven by Events
Orchestrating an Automated Test Lab
Finding Usability Bugs with Automated Tests
Adopting DevOps Practices in Quality Assurance
High-level DSLs for low-level programming
BO JOEL SVENSSON, INDIANA UNIVERSITY
MARY SHEERAN, CHALMERS UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
RYAN NEWTON, INDIANA UNIVERSITY
DSLs (domain-specific languages) make programs shorter and easier to write. They can be stand-alone—for example, LaTeX, Makefiles, and SQL—or they can be embedded in a host language. You might think that DSLs embedded in high-level languages would be abstract or mathematically oriented, far from the nitty-gritty of low-level programming. This is not the case. This article demonstrates how high-level EDSLs (embedded DSLs) really can ease low-level programming. There is no contradiction.
> Design Exploration through Code-generating DSLs
The Ideal HPC Programming Language
Creating Languages in Racket